This study was conducted to determine how student characteristics and media factors influence the spread of students’ aggressive behaviors in secondary schools in Mogadishu. The specific objectives were to explore the patterns of aggression practiced among secondary school students in Mogadishu and to investigate the role of student characteristics and media factors on students’ aggression at secondary schools in Mogadishu. The design used in this study was a descriptive and quantitative approach. The sample size was 80 respondents working in secondary schools in Mogadishu, randomly selected from the schools under the Formal Private Education Network in Somalia, and the research instrument was a questionnaire.
The findings of the study revealed that student aggressions at secondary schools in Mogadishu are moderate, screaming and raising a voice in school, distorting school and classroom walls, and assaults between the students were prevalent forms of aggression. The influences of students’ personal characteristics and media factors on student aggression are high. The study indicated that separated student characteristics and media factors do not have an impact on students’ aggressive behaviors in secondary schools in Mogadishu due to their P-values being greater than 0.05. In contrast, when student characteristics interact with media together, they have a positive relationship with student aggression at secondary schools in Mogadishu due to the p-value being 0.020, which is less than 0.05. The study addressed recommendations for the practical treatment of student aggression at secondary schools in Mogadishu.
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